Polk of Tennessee was elected president on a platform of westward expansion. The War of and the rise of internal trade—between southern plantations and northern textile manufacturers—proved Antebellum reform the problem of internal transportation was far from solved and a federal Antebellum reform was needed, but various proposals to fund and build a national transportation system were deemed unconstitutional.
The Pre-Civil War Rise of Abolitionist Movement Although the arguments raised by the Missouri Compromise had died down in the s, several events in the late s and early s, including the Turner Rebellion and Nullification Crisis, revived the debate and Antebellum reform rise to the Abolition Movement.
Railroads grew so quickly in the s that they surpassed the mileage of the canals. Constitution that required runaways to be returned to their owners.
Stories from one newspaper might be reprinted in others, sometimes with local commentary or editorial rebuttals added.
Belief in these principles led many well-meaning whites to try to replace the traditional cultures of nomadic native American tribes with a lifestyle more in keeping with Euro-American farming communities. Militias and mobs formed in the paranoid chaos that followed and anywhere from to innocent slaves were killed in the aftermath.
Before The Civil War: The conservative Democratic Party in particular opposed federal funding of internal improvements.
The Second Awakening The Second Awakening was a religious revival that affected the entire country from about to the s. To compete, they began investing in railroads to reach the interior of the country, starting a railroad boom in the s that would last until the Civil War and begin anew following the war.
Many challenged traditional beliefs and founded new denominations, including the Mormons, the Shakers, the Seventh Day Adventists, and the Unitarian Universalists.
These plantations depended on a large force of Antebellum reform labor to cultivate and harvest the crop—most white farmers in the 19th century wanted and Antebellum reform able to obtain their own farms as the U.
The Quakers, who believed that all people were equal in the eyes of God, had been speaking out against slavery since the s, forming the first abolitionist group in the s.
Although highly controversial with huge, often physically threatening public opposition, by the society had about 2, local auxiliaries with membership estimated to be betweentoincluding freed blacks like Frederick Douglass.
About 60 whites were killed and, after the rebellion was put down, the state executed 56 slaves accused of being part of it.
Inthe horse-powered Beverly Cotton Manufactory had begun operating in Beverly, Massachusetts; inSlater opened the first fully mechanized mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
It was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of slavery.
When South Carolina next attempted to leave Antebellum reform Union following the election of Abraham Lincoln in it did not go it alone, immediately sending ambassadors to the legislatures of other slave states to ask them to also leave the Union and join the Palmetto State in forming a new Southern Confederacy.
Papers were often read aloud in homes, bringing news of the government, politics, and local events. Early Industrialization and the Rise in Manufacturing in the North The early industrial revolution began with textile industry in New England, which was revolutionized by Samuel Slater. Inconstruction began on the Erie Canal to link Lake Erie and the Hudson River, inspiring a canal-building boom that lasted into the s when railroads supplanted canals.
These advances led to a rise in the number of newspapers published, with more available at prices affordable to the working class—byabout 3, newspapers were published in the U.
Effects of the Antebellum Period The technological advances and religious and social movements of the Antebellum Period had a profound effect on the course of American history, including westward expansion to the Pacific, a population shift from farms to industrial centers, sectional divisions that ended in civil war, the abolition of slavery and the growth of feminist and temperance movements.
Because of the Second Awakening, some began to see slavery as a sin, with emancipation as the only way to atone for this sin. They also carried out open rebellions, risking everything for freedom.
As the quality of land decreased from over-cultivation, slave owners increasingly found that the majority of their wealth existed in the form of their slaves; they began looking to new lands in Texas and further west, as well as in the Caribbean and Central America, as places where they might expand their holdings and continue their way of life.
Their tone became increasingly confrontational, condemning slave owners as sinners and advising Americans to ignore the part of the U. Church membership increased, particularly among Methodists and Baptists following revivals and tent meetings, which had their greatest attendance on the frontier.
Modern tabloids can trace their origins to the penny press—but so can modern mainstream newspapers. In spite of this, plots and actual rebellions in slave-holding states continued into and through the Civil War.
Manufacturing advances were not limited to the textile industry alone. The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War ofalthough some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in to the beginning of the Civil War.
Although sensational stories sold a lot of papers, so did opinion pieces. A population shift from farms to cities had already begun, but the promise of better income in factory jobs accelerated that movement. Local governments and private turnpike and railroad companies began building roads and canals.
Turnpike companies also experienced a boom—bymore than 10, miles of turnpikes were operating in the east.Start studying Antebellum Reform/Gilded Age. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Nov 05, · Want to know more about the Reform Movements of the s?
This video has you covered. If you would like to download the PowerPoint used in. Antebellum Period summary: The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War ofalthough some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in to the beginning of the Civil War.
It was. Women of the Antebellum Reform Movement The s and s was an era of reform and revival for the United States. In the wake of the spiritual renewal of the Second Great Awakening, many were demanding religious and societal change in order to provide for marginalized people.
Antebellum Reform Unit Overview Change has always defined the United States, but the years between and brought about unusually profound social changes. There were many ideas and forces that motivated people to reform American society during the antebellum years. A major event that influenced people was The Second Great Awakening.
A major event that influenced people was The Second Great Awakening.Download