Complete obstruction of the vagina can result in hematocolpos and hematometra where the vagina and uterus fill with menstrual blood. Culture Functionalism can best be used to describe Female Genital Mutilation due to the role each group plays in their society.
From the age of eight, girls are encouraged to stretch their inner labia using sticks and massage. In the case of Type III, other factors include how small a hole was left for the passage of urine and menstrual blood, whether surgical thread was used instead of agave or acacia thorns, and whether the procedure was performed more than once for example, to close an opening regarded as too wide or re-open one too small.
Was any flesh or something removed from the genital area? If other countries were to come into the U. This creates a tear which they gradually rip more and more until the opening is sufficient to admit the penis.
In Eritrea, for example, a survey in found that all Hedareb girls had been infibulated, compared with two percent of the Tigrinyamost of whom fell into the "cut, no flesh removed" category. Those men who do manage to penetrate their wives do so often, or perhaps always, with the help of the "little knife".
If it were to happen on the U. One third reported reduced sexual feelings. The prevalence rate for the 0—11 group in Indonesia is 49 percent This might be performed before marriage, and after childbirth, divorce and widowhood. In a study by Nigerian physician Mairo Usman Mandara, over 30 percent of women with gishiri cuts were found to have vesicovaginal fistulae holes that allow urine to seep into the vagina.
In order for a society to function efficiently, its members must concur. Vesicovaginal or rectovaginal fistulae can develop holes that allow urine or faeces to seep into the vagina.
If society exposes us to only one set of moral values in life, the morals of another society will seem abnormal.
A similarity can be made with us in the U. The opening is larger in women who are sexually active or have given birth by vaginal delivery, but the urethra opening may still be obstructed by scar tissue.
The estimate was based on a study conducted on 28, women attending delivery wards at 28 obstetric centres in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan.
The decision to undergo the FGM process does not come from the girl herself but from their guardian or women in charge. The most professional way to handle any interaction from the U.
In those settings all types of FGM were found to pose an increased risk of death to the baby: FGM can be viewed as a horrific practice in our eyes, while other cultures like theirs consider it to be normal.
According to the study, FGM was associated with an increased risk to the mother of damage to the perineum and excessive blood lossas well as a need to resuscitate the baby, and stillbirthperhaps because of a long second stage of labour.
This function of the whole is also an important one; since it is acceptable in a lot of the tribes that puts a hinder on the effort to stop it. Was your genital area sewn?
Within the cultures that practice FGM, there are different groups of people that contribute. Third-degree laceration tearsanal-sphincter damage and emergency caesarean section are more common in infibulated women. While we believe it is ok to stop the female body from producing life forms by implementing various types of methods, they just try to prevent the whole baby making process from happening in the first place; in this case using a very graphic and unethical.
Reinfibulation can involve cutting the vagina again to restore the pinhole size of the first infibulation.
In Somalia and Sudan the situation was reversed: Urine may collect underneath the scar, leaving the area under the skin constantly wet, which can lead to infection and the formation of small stones.
Over million women and girls are thought to be living with FGM in those 30 countries. So the same reaction can be expected from them. This practice works in a pattern or function that generally begins with the elder women within the culture. For example, in the northeastern regions of Ethiopia and Kenya, which share a border with Somalia, the Somali people practise FGM at around the same rate as they do in Somalia.
They could suggest better options but not put the pressure on the cultures that carry it out to change their ways. Prevalence of female genital mutilation by country Percentage of the 15—49 group who have undergone FGM in 29 countries for which figures were available in  FGM is found mostly in what Gerry Mackie called an "intriguingly contiguous" zone in Africa—east to west from Somalia to Senegal, and north to south from Egypt to Tanzania.
All of these groups are different but work together to make this practice widely accepted and common.Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) means piercing, cutting, removing, or sewing closed all or part of a girl's or woman's external genitals for no medical reason.
To study female genital mutilation and its effect on female sexual function, Alexandria, Egypt Methods A case–control study was conducted on a convenient sample of circumcised women with their control from 4 randomly selected primary health care centers.
Female circumcision commonly referred to as Female genital mutilation (FGM), is the cutting out of the girls’ genitalia to conform to cultural traditions and religious beliefs. FGM is classified into three types depending on the extent of damage on the female reproductive organ. women's side, and a search cost from men's one, we find that a society can get rid of excision if the former is high enough and / or women place less value on men's attitude towards FGMs.
Debates about female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) have polarized opinion between those who see it as an abuse of women’s health and human rights, to be ‘eradicated’, and those who may or may not oppose the practice, but see a double standard on the part of western campaigners who fail to challenge other unnecessary surgical interventions — such as male circumcision or cosmetic surgery — in their.
The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women defines "violence against women" as encompassing, inter alia, "female genital mutilation and.Download